Apical 4 chamber view - normal (transthoracic echocardiography)

Case contributed by Dr David Carroll


Asymptomatic male.

Patient Data

Age: 30
Gender: Male

Images obtained with a phased array transducer in the left fifth intercostal space, with the probe marker corresponding to the patient's left. Of note, the apical 4 chamber view should not include the pulmonary veins as depicted above, indicating that the transducer should have been fanned caudally.

Abbreviations: LA (left atrium), RA (right atrium), IAS (interatrial septum), MV (mitral valve), TV (tricuspid valve), MVAL (mitral valve anterior leaflet), MVPL (mitral valve, posterior leaflet), LV (left ventricle), IVS (interventricular septum), TVAL (tricuspid valve anterior leaflet) TVSL (tricuspid valve anterior leaflet) RSPV (right superior pulmonic vein) LIPV (left inferior pulmonic vein)

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Case information

rID: 62756
Published: 28th Aug 2018
Last edited: 14th Aug 2019
System: Cardiac
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded
Institution: St. George's University

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