Venae cordis minimae
Citation, DOI and article data
The venae cordis minimae (singular: vena cordis minima), meaning "smallest cardiac veins", also known as Thebesian veins (variably capitalized in the literature) are a small group of valveless myocardial coronary veins within the walls of each of the four cardiac chambers that drain venous blood directly into each of the respective chambers. They are part of the lesser cardiac venous system, are most frequently found in the right atrium and are of little physiological/pathological significance 4.
History and etymology
The Thebesian veins are named after the Silesian physician Adam Christian Thebesius (1686-1732), who published groundbreaking work on the coronary circulation in the early 18th century 3. The Thebesian valve is also named after him.
- 1. Last's anatomy, regional and applied. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:044304662X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Moore KL, Agur AMR, Dalley AF. Clinically oriented anatomy. LWW. ISBN:1451119453. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 3. Loukas M, Clarke P, Tubbs RS, Kolbinger W. Adam Christian Thebesius, a historical perspective. (2008) International journal of cardiology. 129 (1): 138-40. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.06.048 - Pubmed
- 4. Katie Nordick, Carly Weber, Paramvir Singh. Anatomy, Thorax, Heart Thebesian Veins. StatPearls Publishing. 2021. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK541040/ - Pubmed