Vascular calcification in breast
Citation, DOI and article data
Vascular calcifications in the breast are calcifications associated with blood vessels.
They are most often seen in postmenopausal women with arteriosclerotic heart disease.
Results due to calcified atherosclerotic plaques in the arterial walls.
- coronary arterial disease: considered an independent risk factor 2,3 (particularly in the 50-59 age group)
- in younger patients, vascular calcifications in the breast are often associated with diabetes
- chronic renal disease
Vascular calcifications are typically seen as dense, linear, parallel, circuitous or tram-track like calcifications. There are usually not oriented in the direction of the duct towards the nipple-areolar complex.
- 1. Cardeñosa G. Breast imaging. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2003) ISBN:078174685X. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Fiuza ferreira EM, Szejnfeld J, Faintuch S. Correlation between intramammary arterial calcifications and CAD. Acad Radiol. 2007;14 (2): 144-50. doi:10.1016/j.acra.2006.10.017 - Pubmed citation
- 3. Oliveira EL, Freitas-junior R, Afiune-neto A et-al. Vascular calcifications seen on mammography: an independent factor indicating coronary artery disease. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2009;64 (8): 763-7. doi:10.1590/S1807-59322009000800009 - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation
- 4. Conant EF, Brennecke CM. Breast imaging, case review. Mosby Inc. (2006) ISBN:0323017460. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 5. Paredes ES. Atlas of mammography. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2007) ISBN:0781764335. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon