Urachal cyst

Dr Craig Hacking and Radswiki et al.

Urachal cysts are one of the manifestations of the spectrum of congenital urachal remnant abnormalities

Urachal cysts usually remain asymptomatic until complicated by infection or bleeding.

An infected urachal cyst can occur at any age.

Urachal cysts form when both the umbilical and vesical ends of the urachal lumen close while an intervening portion remains patent and fluid filled. The cyst can drain through the umbilicus, bladder, or through the peritoneum and into intraperitoneal organs. Rarely it can cause peritonitis and abdominal symptoms.

The most common pathogens of urachal abscess are StaphylococcusE. coliPseudomonas, and Streptococcus.

An uncomplicated urachal cyst appears as a collection of simple fluid localized in the midline of the anterior abdominal wall, between the umbilicus and the pubis and often contiguous with the bladder dome.

Treatment of a urachal cyst may involve IV antibiotic therapy and/or surgical excision. Drainage is usually associated with a high rate of relapse. Sometimes it is advisable to drain the cyst contents before its excision.

For an infected urachal cyst, bladder adenocarcinoma should be considered. For a non-infected urachal cyst general imaging differential considerations include

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Article information

rID: 12212
Tag: refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Urachal cysts

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: urachal cyst
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  • Case 1
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  • Case 2
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  •  Case 3
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  • Case 4: infected urachal cyst
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  • Case 5: infected cyst
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