Superior vena caval duplication
Citation, DOI and article data
Superior vena caval (SVC) duplication is the most common form of a left-sided SVC, where the normal right-sided SVC remains. The right SVC, however, can be smaller in approximately two-thirds of such cases 3.
Results from failure of the embryonic left anterior cardiac vein to regress. Drainage is variable and can be to:
- 1. Kellman GM, Alpern MB, Sandler MA et-al. Computed tomography of vena caval anomalies with embryologic correlation. Radiographics. 1988;8 (3): 533-56. Radiographics (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 2. Padhani AR, Hale HL. Mediastinal venous anomalies: potential pitfalls in cancer diagnosis. Br J Radiol. 1998;71 (847): 792-8. Br J Radiol (abstract) - Pubmed citation
- 3. Demos TC, Posniak HV, Pierce KL et-al. Venous anomalies of the thorax. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004;182 (5): 1139-50. AJR Am J Roentgenol (full text) - Pubmed citation