Stylohyoid ligament

The stylohyoid ligament forms part of the styloid apparatus. The origin is at the styloid process of the temporal bone and it inserts into lesser horn of the hyoid bone.

The stylohyoid ligament provides part of the origin for the middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle and styloglossus muscle. It develops from the 2nd branchial arch 2,4.

Gross anatomy


Variant anatomy

In ~5% of the population, the stylohyoid ligament may be calcified. It is usually asymptomatic but a small portion of the population may have symptoms such as dysphagia (see: Eagle syndrome) 3

Anatomy: Head and neck
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Article information

rID: 25163
System: Head & Neck
Section: Anatomy
Tag: variant
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Stylohyoid ligament calcification
  • Stylohyoid ligament ossification

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: diagram - styloid apparatus
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  • Case 1: annotated calcified stylohyoid ligaments
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  • Case 2: calcified stylohyoid ligaments
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