Revision 23 for 'Splenic artery'

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Splenic artery

The splenic artery is one of three branches celiac trunk and supplies the spleen as well as large parts of the stomach and pancreas.

Gross anatomy

Origin and course

The splenic artery is one of the terminal branches of the celiac trunk, passing from the celiac axis toward the splenic hilum, traveling superiorly to the pancreas with the splenic vein inferoposteriorly before entering the splenorenal ligament.  

Near the splenic hilum the splenic artery divides into superior and inferior terminal branches, with each terminal branch further dividing into four-to-six intrasplenic segmental branches. 

Branches and supply

Variant anatomy

  • separate origin from the abdominal aorta rather than the coelic trunk (~8%)

Related pathology

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