Prostatic sarcoma is an uncommon and heterogenous group of tumor arising from mesenchymal cells in and around the prostate.
In children the most common tumor type is a prostatic rhabdomyosarcoma, which accounts for approximately a third of all prostatic sarcomas 1.
In adults leiomyosarcomas are most common, accounting for approximately a quarter of all cases 1. Many other sarcomas have been reported although in general they are rare.
Overall, prostatic sarcomas include 1,2:
- rhabdomyosarcoma of the prostate: most common in children
- leiomyosarcoma of the prostate: most common in adults
- sarcomatoid carcinoma of the prostate
- malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the prostate
- phyllodes tumor (also known as cystosarcoma phyllodes of the prostate)
- undifferentiated stromal sarcoma of the prostate
- 1. Bland KI, Daly JM, Karakousis CP. Surgical oncology, contemporary principles & practice. McGraw-Hill Professional. (2001) ISBN:0838587364. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Bostwick DG, Cheng L. Urologic surgical pathology. Mosby Inc. (2008) ISBN:0323019706. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
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