The lingual tonsils are aggregations of lymphoid follicles that mediate B- and T-cell lymphocytes, which serve a role in formulating the immune system. They are covered by stratified squamous nonkeratinized epithelium and contain deep crypts and mucosal glands. They form a part of the Waldeyer ring of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) of the oropharynx.
- posterior third of the dorsum of the tongue
- lingual artery: a branch of the external carotid artery
- tonsillar branch of the facial artery
- ascending pharyngeal branch of the external carotid artery
- tonsillar branch of glossopharyngeal nerve (CN IX)
- 1. Bluestone. Pediatric Otolaryngology. ISBN: 9781607950189